Risk Factors

Conditions that have the potential to significantly influence the decisions of investors are presented below. Any conditions with reference to the future are based on information available at the time of publication of the current annual report. The Company acknowledges the possibility that these risks can arise, and will make every effort to prevent such risks from appearing and address resulting situations if such risks do appear.

1. Food safety issues

The Company's basic philosophy is to provide safe foods that consumers can enjoy without worry. In the past, a high incidence of disquieting developments, such as avian influenza, residual pesticides in foods, falsely labeled food products, radioactive contamination of foods, and toxic substances mixed in food products, threatened to undermine food quality and safety. The needs of consumers with regard to food safety have become more sophisticated. To enhance its ability to meet these needs, the Company established the Food Safety Research Institute in 1988 (and established "the WAVE" in 2014) and continues its endeavor to enhance its research function and strengthen its quality control system. However, the Company's financial position and financial performance could be unfavorably influenced were unusual health-related situations to arise in the future that were beyond the Company's conjecture, or if rumors were to mar the image of the Company's products, even though such rumors were based on incidents not directly related to the Company's products.

2. Risk derived from changes in demographic trends

In Japan, the birth rate remains low, and the population is aging rapidly. Accordingly, the number of young consumers, who are the major customers of the Company, has been decreasing, and therefore the market of our products is expected to remain unchanged or otherwise decrease over the long term. In the face of such a business climate, the Company is making ever-greater efforts to develop even more appealing products and new products that closely meet the needs of each age bracket in order to maintain and expand our customer base. However, were the decrease in population to accelerate, the overall demand in the instant noodle market would shrink, negatively affecting the Company's financial position and financial performance.

3. Risk of decline in brand value

The Company's mainstay products, particularly Chicken Ramen and the Cup Noodle series, have been familiar household items for most consumers for many years, thanks to our technical expertise and the products' appeal. The Company emphasizes the establishment and enhancement of its brands. However, new products flood the instant noodle market every year, and the relative brand value of the Company's products could decline if another company were to achieve a revolutionary breakthrough in instant noodle development.

4. Risk of product liability

As a food manufacturer, the Company believes its mission is to provide safe and secure products to consumers, and therefore applies strict quality control standards to its manufacturing activities. In addition, the newly-established Global Food Safety Institute studies ways to ensure the safety of raw materials and strives to reinforce quality control systems at each manufacturing facility. The Company also endeavors to lessen the potential of product liability claims that could affect its financial position, and therefore is insured against product liability. However, if an accident occurs through product liability and a situation arises wherein the Company must recall certain products, the insurance carried by the Company may not be sufficient to cover all claims. A tarnished reputation in society and a weakened corporate image could erode consumers' willingness to buy the Company's products. This situation could hurt the Company's financial position and financial performance.

5. Risk of increases in prices of raw materials

The primary raw materials used for the Company's products are agricultural commodities such as flour and palm oil, and petroleum-based items for packaging and wrappers. The prices of these raw materials fluctuate with changing market conditions. Therefore, the Company's financial performance could be adversely impacted if the prices of raw materials increase, as there exist more factors than ever to boost their prices, such as political unrest or international disputes occurring in the countries that produce these raw materials, and crop failures caused by abnormal weather associated with global warming.

6. Risk of natural disasters

The Company has manufacturing facilities both in Japan and overseas. If a natural disaster, such as a large-scale earthquake or wind and flood damage from a typhoon, were to occur and manufacturing facilities incurred damage, the Company's production infrastructure as well as its financial position and financial performance could suffer because, for example, an interruption in operations would reduce output and repairs to facilities and equipment would raise expenses. Furthermore, serious accidents at electric power plants caused by natural disasters could also negatively affect the Company's production infrastructure, financial position and financial performance, through lowered electricity supply, large-scale blackouts, and radioactive contamination.

7. Risk related to overseas operations

The Company produces food products, including instant noodles, based on the basic policy of local production and local marketing in 17 overseas countries. If political unrest or international disputes arise in the regions where the Company's subsidiaries and associates operate, or if issues threaten to undermine food safety, or if legal controls in certain countries create a situation that hinders production activities, then the financial position and financial performance of the subsidiaries, affiliates and/or the Company could suffer.

8. Risk related to information systems

The Company uses computers to process and store information on production, sales and administration. The Company had adopted all conceivable measures to safeguard these information systems from computer virus-induced crashes, damage by hackers, and the risk of a breach in information security. However, the Company's financial position and financial performance could be adversely affected if the Company's systems were damaged and/or if data were leaked outside the organization, due to illegal access to the systems by unauthorized individuals through technologies that the Company has not envisioned, or an unknown computer virus getting through established safeguards.

9. Risk related to retirement benefit accounting

Costs and obligations pertaining to retirement benefits are determined based on discount rates and other predetermined criteria used in actuarial calculations and on the expected rate of return on pension assets. If actual results differ from predetermined criteria, or if predetermined criteria are amended, the actuarial difference is charged to the income of the fiscal year following the one in which the difference occurred. If a decline in discount rates and/or returns on the pension assets persists, the Company will have to carry a higher burden of pension-related costs, and this could hurt the Company's financial position and financial performance.

10. Risk of declining market values on marketable securities

The Company invests in marketable securities to ensure efficient application of funds, while it is the policy of the Company to maintain the integrity of principal. However, the Company's financial position and financial performance could be adversely affected if worsening market conditions cause market values to decline or sluggish performances by equity investments force the Company to apply the accounting for impairment.

11. Risk related to the accounting for impairment of fixed assets

The Company owns various tangible fixed assets for the purpose of its business. These fixed assets could face in the future a substantial decline in their fair value and/or future cash flows they are to generate, and thus would have the possibility of impairment loss recognition in conformity with the accounting for impairment of fixed assets. Such circumstances could negatively affect the Company's financial position and financial performance.

12. Reliance on certain business clients

The Company substantially relies on specific business parties for sales of products and procurement of certain raw materials. Reliance on specific trading companies for sales of products aims at reducing the effort expended on credit control and minimizing credit risk through concentration of transactions among highly creditworthy major trading companies. Reliance on specific vendors for procurement of certain raw materials also aims at efficient and stable procurement. However, if the business activities of these sales agents were to fail and the Company had difficulty collecting accounts receivable, or if the supply of raw materials were suspended and the Company's production had to be halted, the Company's own financial position and financial performance could be negatively affected.

13. Exchange rate fluctuations

The Company expands its businesses in various overseas regions. The local financial statements in each region are translated to Japanese yen for the purpose of preparing consolidated financial statements. Hence, exchange rate fluctuations may have an effect on the Group's consolidated results and financial position, even if there is no change in the value in local currencies.